5,000 years of history

 

5000 years of foundations

Paris. Le trou de Halles. (Droits réservés)

Foundation piles dating from several thousand years B.C. have been found under a pyramid, but "art" did not gave way to "science" until the second half of the twentieth century, as the result of progress in fundamental science and machinery. People who have just reached retirement age now will have practically witnessed the birth and development of this discipline.

With the large scale displacement of the population from countryside to the town, the central areas of towns and cities has become increasingly complex. The foundations of private and public buildings, underground transport (railways, metros, roads) urban heating, telecommunications, cable, electricity and gas networks, water mains and sewerage systems take up the ground under our town and cities, which has become scarce, like the land on the surface.

 
 
 
 
The ancient World
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
The Roman World
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
The Middle Ages
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
The Renaissance
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
Design of foundations
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
19th century
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
19th and 20th centuries
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
Soil freezing
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 6 March 2008)
 
Reinforced concrete
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)
 
Sheetpiles
Published on 27 February 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)
 
Machinery
Published on 3 March 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)
 
The 20th century
Published on 3 March 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)
 
The 21st century - mechatronics
Published on 3 March 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)
 
21st century - safety and sustainable development
Published on 3 March 2008 (updated on 7 March 2008)